About Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea is the former colony of Spanish Guinea in Central Africa and whose name recognises its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea.
The country is one of sub-Saharan Africa’s largest oil producers and was the richest country per capita in Africa in 2012, a position it has since given up to the Seychelles. The distribution of the wealth is not even however and vast sums are controlled by those within the oil industry.
The mainland territory of Rio Muni shares borders with Cameroon and Gabon while the island of Bioko is around 25 miles off the coast of Cameroon. Annobon Island meanwhile is around 220 miles to the south west of Cape Lopez in Gabon.
Distinct dry and wet seasons form the climate of Equatorial Guinea. Between June and August Rio Muni is dry and Bioko wet while the opposite occurs between December and February. Gradual transition is noted between the two periods.
Three airports serve Equatorial Guinea, of which Malabo International Airport is the only with international status. This is a hub for many businesses who have interests in the country’s oil markets. The other two airports can be found in Bata and on the island of Annobon.
Beyond petroleum, the country also exports large quantities of methanol, timber and cocoa.