Senegal in West Africa is the westernmost country of the Old World and takes its name from the Senegal River that borders the country to the east and north. Meeting the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Senegal also borders Mauritania, Mali, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, while it almost entirely surrounds The Gambia, bar for a short stretch of Atlantic coast.
A former French colony, Senegal gained independence in 1960, and now has an economy based on commodities and natural resources, including fishing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production and petroleum. Agricultural crops including sugarcane, cotton, peanuts and mangoes are widely exported while the tourism and hospitality sectors are growing rapidly.
The climate of Senegal is hot and humid, with a rainy season from May to November. The dry season meanwhile is dominated by hot dry harmattan winds.