Bordered by Turkey, Iran, Syria and Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Iraq is a virtually land-locked country found in Western Asia with only a small tip of land opening into the Persian Gulf. Home to two major rivers – the Trigris and the Euphrates – Iraq benefits from significant amounts of fertile land and consistently warm temperatures which reach 21°C even during winter.Rainfall is considerably rare during the summer months and the economy is dominated largely by the country’s oil sector which traditionally provides 95% of foreign exchange earnings every year.
The total population in Iraq is 31,235,000, with 75% being Arabs and 15% being Kurds, Turkmen and Assyrians.Iraq is largely a Muslim country where Islam accounts for 95% of the entire population. Arabic is also the most spoken language, while Kurdish is spoken by approximately 15% of the population. Most commonly known for its rich maqam heritage, Iraq is often thought to be the master of the maqam art.
The Iraqi cuisine is one of the most famous in the world, while also being the main reason tourists flood the country every year. With a history that goes back 10,000 years, there is plenty of dishes to choose from. While football is the most popular sport in the country, basketball, swimming and weight lifting are also considerably popular.