About Guinea Bissau
Guinea-Bissau took its name following the recognition of its independence in 1974, when the name of its capital Bissau was added to Guinea, a former Portuguese colony. This was done to avoid confusion with neighbouring Guinea, formerly French Guinea. The Bijagos Archipelago of more than 80 islands lies just of the mainland.
The country shares borders with Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east, as well as the vast Atlantic Ocean to the west. Low altitude coastal plains with swamps of Guinea mangroves can be found near to the ocean, while forest and savannah can be found further to the east.
Guinea-Bissau is warm all year around with little temperature fluctuation. More than 2,000mm of rainfall falls each year but nearly all of occurs during the rainy season between June and late September. Drought is common between December and April.
Natural resources in the region include timber, bauxite, clay, granite and unexploited petroleum deposits. Cashew nuts, fish, peanuts and sawn lumber account for the majority of its exports with Guinea-Bissau’s major trading partners in Asia, southern Europe and South America.