Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa and was possibly home to the first Homo sapiens several million years ago. Bordered by Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Kenya, it is the most populated landlocked country on the planet.
During the late 19th century Scramble for Africa Ethiopia was the only African country to defeat a European colonial power and retain its sovereignty. As a result, the colours of Ethiopia’s flag can be found on those of many nations, adopted as a mark of independence.
More than 80 languages are spoken in Ethiopia and the country is home to the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites on the continent. The climate varies across the country with vast fertile lands in the west, as well as many different rivers and jungles, while the north is home to the hottest settlement in the world, Dallol. The Ethiopian Highlands, a rugged set of continuous mountains is one of Africa’s largest ranges.