About Central African Republic
The landlocked country of the Central African Republic really is what it says on the tin. Bordered by six different nations including Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo and Cameroon, it can be found right in the middle of the African continent.
Covering around 620,000 square kilometres, much of the land is flat and within the Ubangi River basin, providing a landscape of savannas, desert and forest. The Dzanga-Sangha National Park in the southwest of the country is just one part of a country that is home to wildlife including forest elephants and western lowland gorillas.
The region has housed humans and their descendants for millennia, although the country’s borders can trace their origins back to the days of colonial France in the 19th century. Independence from France came much later in 1960.
The Central African Republic is home to vast mineral deposits and natural resources, including uranium, crude oil, gold, diamonds and lumber. Much of the land is arable and suitable for agriculture while hydropower is also being developed and carries much potential.
Its tropical climate sees a wet season between June and September to the North, and between May and October in the south, when it rains virtually every day. The country is hot and humid for the rest of the year while some of the southern regions have seen severe desertification in recent times.